List of textile fibres
|Alpaca||Alpaca||Soft, warmth, lightweight|
|Angora wool||Angora rabbit||Softness, blends well with other fibres|
|Azlon||Synthetic||Soft, silky, hygroscopic, also known as Aralac|
|Byssus||Pinna nobilis||Warmth, lightweight|
|Camel hair||Arabian ña / Guanaco / South America camelid varieties||Softness, warmth|
|Cashmere wool||Indian cashmere goat||Softness|
|Lambswool||Lambs||Softness, elasticity, warmth|
|Mohair wool||North African angora goat||Dyes well, lightweight|
|Silk||Silk worm||Smooth fabric finish with high shine|
|Vicuña||Vicuña||Expensive, luxurious, soft|
Plant-based fibres (cellulosic fibres)
|Abacá||Abaca plant||Thin, lightweight|
|Acetate||Wood Pulp||Lustrous, thermoplastic|
|Bamboo||Grass pulp||Lightweight, pliable fibre|
|Banana||Banana plant pseudostem/leaves||Warm, thick, durable|
|Flax||Herbaceous plant||Lightweight, absorbent, used to make linen|
|Jute||Vegetable plant in linden family||Strength,durability|
|Lyocell||Eucalyptus Tree||Soft, lightweight, absorbent|
|Modal||Beech tree||Softness, lightweight|
|Piña||Pineapple leaf||Soft, lightweight|
|Ramie||Flowering plant in nettle family||Heavy, tough|
|Rayon||Wood Pulp||Soft, lightweight, absorbent|
|Sisal||Agave sisalana||Strength, durability|
|Soy protein||Tofu-manufacturing waste||Wooly, lightweight|
|Cedar bark textile|
|Asbestos Cloth||asbestos||Fire-resistance, light weight, carcinogenic|
|Glass, Fibreglass||Mixed silicates||Fire-resistance, futuristic appearance in some Foil, fibres, wire|
|Acrylic||Petroleum Products||Lightweight, warm, dries quickly|
|Modacrylic||Petroleum Products||Lightweight, warm, dries quickly|
|Nomex||Aramids||Chemical, electrical, and flame resistant|
|Nylon||Petroleum Products||Durable, strong, lightweight, dries quickly|
|Polyester||Petroleum Products||Durable, strong, lightweight, dries quickly|
|Spandex||Petroleum Products||Elastic, strong, lightweight|
|Rayon||Regenerated cellulose||Weak when wet|
Units of textile measurement
Denier or den (abbreviated D), a unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibers, is the mass in grams per 9000 meters of the fiber. The denier is based on a natural reference: a single strand of silk is approximately one denier; a 9000-meter strand of silk weighs about one gram.
|1 denier||= 1 g / 9000 m|
|= 0.11 mg/m|
Tex is a unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibers, yarns and thread and is defined as the mass in grams per 1000 meters. The unit code is “tex”. The most commonly used unit is actually the decitex (abbreviated dtex), which is the mass in grams per 10,000 meters.
S or super S number
Not a true unit of measure, S or super S number is an index of the fineness of the wool fiber and is most commonly seen as a label on wool apparel, wool fabric, and yarn.
lea: a unit for measuring lengths of yarn, usually taken as 80 yards for wool, 120 yards (110 m) for cotton and silk, and 300 yards for linen.
Hank: a length of 7 leas or 840 yards (770 m).
Ne (Number English) or cotton count is another measure of linear density. It is the number of hanks (840 yd or 770 m) of skein material that weigh 1 pound (0.45 kg). Under this system, the higher the number, the finer the yarn. In the United States cotton counts between 1 and 20 are referred to as coarse counts. A regular single-knit T-shirt can be between 20 and 40 count; fine bed sheets are usually in the range of 40 to 80 count. The number is now widely used in the staple fiber industry.